How Do Moles Become Melanoma?

Moles—some people have a few while others have many, but what makes a mole become a melanoma?

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Lymphology: The Elixir of Life

the interaction of intricate, complete body systems establishes optimum health and wellness. One of the most intriguing and dynamic relationships that the human body possesses, is that of the immune system and lymphatics. Lymph has long been researched and upheld by many physicians and therapists as the “elixir of life.”

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The ABCs of Glycation, Skin Redness and Acne at Face & Body Midwest

Every esthetician needs to know a little something about skin science to be successful. And the standing-room-only crowd in the science session during Face Body Midwest validated this fact. Glycation, redness and acne were just a few areas that engaged attendees.

Source: The ABCs of Glycation, Skin Redness and Acne at Face & Body Midwest

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10 Secrets for Healthier-looking Skin

The American Academy of Dermatology reveals 10 universally beneficial skin care tips from dermatologists.

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Studies Find Cocoa Flavanol Reduces Skin Aging Progression

Science is identifying how chocolate can result in leaving skin beautiful and ageless.Cell culture studies utilizing skin cells proved flavanol­­­­­­­­—a compound found in various cocoa products—can help protect the cells from light-induced oxidative damage, according to Knowridge Science Report.Additional studies showed humans consuming cocoa flavanol have skin that becomes more refractory to the damaging effects of ultraviolet light.Despite studies showing flavanol having a beneficial impact on human skin, not all studies are consistent with their findings, which urges scientists to identify other responsible factors.Sipping on Cocoa FlavanolRecently, 62 healthy, middle-aged women with visible wrinkles completed a six-month study to test the effects of consuming a cocoa flavanol-rich beverage on skin integrity.Half the group—assigned at random to prevent bias—was required to consume a cocoa beverage containing 320 milligrams of cocoa flavanols daily, while the rest of the group was provided with a flavanol-free cocoa-based beverage. From another viewpoint, dark chocolate candy can consist of anywhere from 50 to 300 milligrams of flavanol per single serving.Skin MeasurementsThroughout the study, the area around the eyes where crow’s feet and wrinkles are common was measured for:WrinklesSkin elasticityHydration levelsResults toward the end of the study—which were published in The Journal of Nutrition— showed the women consuming the cocoa beverage had less severe wrinkles and better skin elasticity than the controlled group of women. Additional results of the study showed flavanol consumption had no effect on skin hydration. The researchers suggest regular cocoa flavanol consumption may be a beneficial method for prevention of skin aging progression.

Source: Studies Find Cocoa Flavanol Reduces Skin Aging Progression

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Reflections: You’re Blushing

We’ve got a lot of organs: the lungs, heart, skin, brain, pancreas, etc. But of all these organs, the skin is the most honest. Don’t get me wrong, I’m not calling my friend pancreas a liar, but he’s less forthcoming with his symptoms, and I can’t immediately tell when something is amiss. The skin is a visible organ that tells its owner—and the outside world—when it encounters trouble. As the body’s first line of defense, it turns darker to protect against ultraviolet rays, reddens when it’s inflamed, produces acne when it comes in contact with bacteria, loses color when we’re sick or scared, and presents a rash when it encounters irritants.

We’re lucky that the skin is our most visible organ because it is our largest. As such, we need to care for it properly, including adequate (but not overzealous) cleansing, moisturi­zation and protection. Part of that care involves recognizing and combatting inflammation. That is, I’m afraid, where our honest friend gets a little complicated.

Skin can be inflamed from a host of causes: the sun, environment, your mother-in-law’s perfume, an underlying skin condition, food sensitiv­ities, bacteria and allergies. Understanding the causes of that inflammation is an important part of treatment. This issue addresses the causes and treatment of inflamed skin.

Source: Reflections: You’re Blushing

Contact Author Katie Anderson

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Understanding Male Skin Care Needs: The Challenge of an Evolving Market

Not all skin is the same and this is one of the primary challenges to formulating a successful global cosmetic product. Perhaps the biggest difference is between the skin of men and women. Male skin care products cannot be formulated to meet the same criteria as female products; they cannot be identical and simply housed in different packages.

The male skin care market is rapidly evolving to meet the unique needs of men, which is worthy of further consider­ation. The challenge of meeting male skin care market demands is that products must focus on three key attributes of male skin: increased skin thickness, the influence of testosterone and hair growth issues. These differences are obvious to the human eye but worthy of scientific discussion.

Increased Skin Thickness

Male skin is thicker than female skin, in part due to the presence of terminal hair follicles over much of the body. This difference is most pronounced on the face where women have only vellus hairs that are fine and colorless, while men have fully developed terminal hairs that are coarse and pigmented, taking up space within the skin. The presence of male facial hair is partially responsible for the more favorable appearance of mature men over mature women.2 As UV radiation activates collagenase to destroy dermal collagen, the male beard allows the skin to resist wrinkling. Thus, photo-aged males do not exhibit the pronounced redundant facial skin seen in photo-aged females.

Source: Understanding Male Skin Care Needs: The Challenge of an Evolving Market

Contact Author Zoe Draelos, MD, Dermatology Consulting Services

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